Mulch is defined as a layer put to the surface of a farm for reasons like weed control, soil water conservation and boost soil fertility. The points below highlights the importance of using mulch in your farm
Obviously, many farmers opt for mulch to conserve the soil moisture and allow normal growth of plant despite the harsh weather condition. Soil moisture is trapped and returned back into the soil in water form by mulch through soil temperature regulation. Food security is usually guaranteed in a country whose farmer use techniques like mulching to grow food during the dry season. It is worth noting that the water in the form of moisture is condensed by mulch and drop back on the soil surface as water.
The top fertile soil is usually protected from all forms of soil erosion through rainwater or wind. Top soil is usually rich in mineral and is loose for easy penetration of plant roots which makes it easily eroded by erosion agents. When soil erosion of the top fertile soil takes place, the fertility of the farm is greatly reduced and this makes farmers incur a lot of losses. Unproductive farm is useless to a farmer since no crop can do well in it due to lack of ingredients. Strong winds are also effective soil erosion agent. The hard pan is left behind after erosion makes tilling a farm so difficult.
The third benefit of using mulch in your farm is that the fertility of the soil is increased. The decomposition of mulch turns the mulch into manure which increases the soil fertility. This helps to reduce the amount of inorganic chemical fertilizer used on a farm which is quite expensive while mulch is very cheap. The acidity of the soil can naturally be regulated by the use of mulch which decomposes and alters the soil PH depending on the composition of the plant used as mulch.
Weed control is another benefit of using mulch in your farm. The germination of weed seeds is prevented by mulch. Some of the components necessary for germination include air, water, warmth, and minerals. The supply of air is reduced by a great percentage leading to failure of weed seed to germinate and instead decompose and become manure which boosts the soil fertility.
Fifthly, mulch is very cheap and affordable to almost all farmers. Organic mulch is readily available from the dead plants and you can even decide to make your own mulch by collecting dead plants and putting them on the surface of your farm. Companies that sell mulch have favorable prices and they deliver the mulch to the farm of a customer.
Mulch can also be used for decoration apart from farming purposes. River stones that are used to mulch city trees are very monumental and appealing to the eyes. They contain different colors and some are shiny and to add on the beauty of a tree or flowers makes the environment look nice.
Organic mulch are environmentally friendly. When mulch decompose and become manure, the water retention rate of the soil is improved.